Advances in 3D integration of heterogeneous materials and technologies
, Lannon, J.M.
, Malta, D.
, Robinson, J.E., Coffman, P.R., Welch, T.B., et al. (2007).
Advances in 3D integration of heterogeneous materials and technologies, Proceedings of SPIE, 6544 :654401.
Military applications demand more and more complex, multifunctional microsystems with performance characteristics which can only be achieved by using best-of-breed materials and device technologies for the microsystem components. Three-dimensional (3-D) integration of separate, individually complete device layers provides a way to build complex microsystems without compromising the system performance and fabrication yield. In the 3-D integration approach, each device layer is fabricated separately using optimized materials and processes. The layers are stacked and interconnected through area array vertical interconnects with lengths on the order of just tens of microns. This paper will review recent advances in development of 3-D integration technologies with focus on those which enable integration of heterogeneous materials (e.g. HgCdTe FPAs with silicon ROICs) or heterogeneous fabrication processes (e.g. resistive IR emitters with RIICs).